American scientist and Nobel Laureate Barbara McClintock was one of the world’s foremost cytogeneticists, best known for her studies in the development of maize.
She was born Eleanor McClintock on June 16, 1902 in Hartford, Conn. Her parents renamed her Barbara, having decided that Eleanor was too delicate a name for their headstrong daughter.
In 1927 McClintock earned a Ph.D. in botany from Cornell University, where she began her groundbreaking career. In 1936 she took an assistant professorship in the Department of Botany at the University of Missouri-Columbia. Then in 1941 she accepted a permanent position on the faculty of Carnegie Institution Read the rest of this entry »